8 things to do and see in Port of Barcelona area.
The maritime port of Barcelona dates from the 4AD. The port was active as a crucial frontier trading post throughout the Middle Ages because of its location on the border between Muslim southern Spain and North Africa and the Christian world of Europe. However, the region suffered powerful storms which damaged the ships while docked.
Attempts were made throughout the centuries to create an artificial sheltered harbour which could shield boats from the storms. In the 15th century what is now the Barceloneta neighbourhood was created by reclaimed land stretching out into the sea to provide a dock and harbour front perpendicular to the existing coastline.
In the middle of Barcelona port is port vell and Maremagnum. Construction of this island shopping centre started in the 1980s and was finished for the 1992 Olympics. The whole port area was transformed from a derelict industrial port with railway lines into a public space with boulevards. Maremagnum is the only shopping complex in Barcelona that opens on Sundays due to it being exempt from the normal trading laws because of its location "in the sea"!
The Port has many old historic buildings such as the Customs office "Aduana del Puerto" dating from 1902, the clock tower "Torre del Relotge" from the 18th century, Maritime Museum (MMB) converted from medieval boat sheds, the Post Office and Telegraph Building, Christopher Columbus Tower monument "torre Colom" and Santa Maria basilica.
Metro stops that serve the port are Drassanes on the green line and Barceloneta on the yellow line.