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Gracia Civil War Air Raid Shelter in Plaza Diamant

One of only two surviving air raid shelters from the civil war. Built underground by a co-operative of residents in Gracia Neighbourhood. Guided visits on Sundays.

Updated: Sep 28, 2021

by: Barcelona Travel Hacks

Views: 716

About Gracia Civil War Air Raid Shelter in Plaza Diamant

In 1992, during some civil works, the anti-aerial bombardment bunker, refugi 0232, was discovered underneath the sub-soil of Plaza Diamant in Gracia. It was constructed to a depth of 12 metres below surface to provide shelter for 200 residents of Gracia during the aerial bombardment of the civil war.

The shelter has a total of 69m in length of tunnels with the tunnel width being 1.1 metres wide by 2 metres high and a total area of 75.90 square metres. the air raid shelter has two ventilation shafts, an infirmary and electrical installation. Plans reveal proposals to increase the tunnels into surrounding streets to link up with other shelters in the Gracia neighbourhood.

The aerial bombardment was principally performed by the Italian air force at the request of General Franco to try and destroy the industrial factories of Barcelona. This shelter is one of 90 that formed the civil defence of Gracia. Barcelona had some 1400 Shelters to protect the residents from Arial and sometimes naval bombardment. Noteworthy is that Barcelona was the first city in history to suffer from systematic aerial bombardment, This is before London and other UK cities during world war two.

The shelter was built not by the Catalan Government but by a local committee of residents. Later, the Catalan Government published guidelines and provided technical support so that communities/committee's of residents could build shelters.


3 Attractions Nearby

Visiting Gracia Civil War Air Raid Shelter in Plaza Diamant

Today this shelter is only one of two that survive and are open to the public and the historic workshop (Associacio Taller d'Historia de Gracia) offers guided visits.

The guide for the shelter speaks Spanish, Catalan and English and is very knowledgeable and helpful. The language offered for the tour is rotated depending the week of the month. Consult the schedule on the website.


Gracia Air raid shelter guided visit hours

1st, 3rd, 4th and 5th Sunday of the month: Catalan language visits at 11.00h.

2nd Sunday of month: Spanish language visits and English if advised beforehand at 11.00h.

The meeting point for the visits is Plaza de Diamant net to the entrance steps of the underground air raid shelter. Book your visit in advance as places are limited.


Accessibility, mobility & Clothing for Gracia Civil War Air Raid Shelter

The civil war air-raid shelter is a sub surface bunker below Plaza del Diamant and is only accessible by a spiraling staircase.

There is bicycle anchorage in Plaza del Diamant.

You must not be dressed in beachwear to visit the interior of the civil war air-raid shelter. Beachwear is not permitted to walk around the streets of Barcelona. The ambient temperature inside the bunker is a lot cooler than that of street level so a light fleece is advisable.

Day Trip Rucksack

Day Trip Rucksack

Small 10L day trip and museums rucksack

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Emergency Poncho

Emergency Poncho

Small folded lightweight Water proof poncho for emergencies

Decathlon Spain Link Amazon Spain Link
0.8L water bottle

0.8L water bottle

Reusable, refillable 1L water bottle.

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Fleece jacket or Jersey

Fleece jacket or Jersey

Light weight warm fleece

Decathlon Spain Link Amazon Spain Link

Summary of Prices

Train/Bus Fare Entry Ticket Additional Information Train/Bus Fare Entry Ticket Additional Information Adult Zone 1 T-casual € 3.00 Child T-familiar € 3.00 Group/Family Ticket? See Website.Notes 1st, 3rd, 4th &5th Sunday of month - Catalan, 2nd Sunday of month - Spanish. English, ask.

Getting to Gracia Civil War Air Raid Shelter in Plaza Diamant

Address: Plaza del Diamant S/N, Barcelona. 08012

Nearest TMB Metro is Fontana on the green (L3) line.

Public Transport Guide

Documents for Gracia Civil War Air Raid Shelter in Plaza Diamant

Click on any one of the 1 PDFs to view in full screen and download.

\'Gracia

Gracia Metro Map Fontana

Author: www.tmb.cat

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