Description of Cote Vermeille France
On the Catalonian coastline, from Argeles-sur-Mer to Cerbere at the Spanish border are historic towns and beutiful coastline for hiking. This part of France is Catalan and has changed hands between france and Spain several times.
After the merging of the Kingdom of Majorca into Aragon in 1276 the Cote Vermeille and Pyrenees-Orientales were under spanish rule with many coastal towns being fortified and hiltop forts being constructed. In 1659, the Treaty of the Pyrenees defined the border between France and Spain as it is today.
The French continued fortifying the villages and towns along the border prompting Spain to build Sant Ferran Fortress.
The response to Sant Ferran Fortress was the fortification of Collioure, the enlargment of Fort Sant Elme and fortification of Port Vendres. Fort Bear is today an active miitary site.